starting a business in maine

A complete step-by-step guide to start your business and get on the fast track to financial success.

Doing Business In Maine

Business Facts

The lagest industry in Maine was the category of finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing, representing almost 21% of the total and accounted for 1.2% of real growth. The second lagest segment was government (and related enterprises) representing 14%, and experienced a decline of .06% Food products and transportation equipment are also important, but production of leather goods (especially shoes) has declined. The mineral wealth of the state is considerable. 

Small Business and Startup Environment

Maine has 141,936 small businesses, according to the most current federal data available. 

Of those 141,936 small businesses in Maine, 39,288 have employees. The remaining 102,648 are Maine small businesses that have no employees.

Portland, Maine stands out as a small city where entrepreneurs have the resources to succeed. NerdWallet ranked Portland as the ninth best city for female entrepreneurs and the fifth best city overall for starting a business this year. 

Maine is also a state where business leaders are unafraid to integrate their values with their business ideas. American Roots, founded one month ago, sells highly ethical Maine-made fleece clothing. GrandyOats, a company based in Hiram, is the first New England food facility to be net zero, using a 100% solar-powered facility. Maine is a place where value-driven enterprises can thrive.

Major Companies

State is home to large companies such as: MaineHealth, L.L.Bean, IDEXX,  Hannaford Supermarkets,  State of Maine, Cianbro, CMMF, MaineGeneral Health, WEX, University of Southern Maine

Step 1: Choose A Business Structure

The most common business structures are sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company (LLC), and a few different types of corporations—the standard corporation (often called a C corporation or “C corp”), the small business corporation (often called an S corporation or “S corp”), and the benefit corporation (often called a B corporation or “B corp”).

The most common business structures are:

Happens when you operate your business as yourself. There is no separate legal entity created; the law treats you and your business as one person. You are responsible and personally liable for all business activities or wrongdoing.

The same thing as a Sole Proprietorship, but just with 2 or more people. Like a Sole Proprietorship, a Partnership doesn’t create a separate legal entity and the partners are responsible and personally liable for any business activity or wrongdoing.

A more complex legal structure that requires a board of directors, corporate officers, and shareholders. Corporations don’t usually work for most small business owners since they face double taxation. Corporations can be beneficial to companies that are looking to raise capital investment, take the company public, or have large healthcare expenses for their employees. The most common types of companies that form Corporations are high-growth technology and startup companies.

Unlike a Sole Proprietorship or a Partnership, a Corporation is a separate legal entity from its owners (called shareholders). It provides them with personal liability protection.

A legal entity that combines the benefits of a Corporation and a Sole Proprietorship/Partnership.

An LLC in Maine is a separate legal entity under the law. And like a Corporation, it provides personal liability protection for the owners. If the LLC is sued, the owner’s personal assets – like their home, cars, and bank accounts – are protected. And like a Sole Proprietorship/Partnership, an LLC has pass-through taxation (so there’s no double taxation).

A Maine LLC is the most popular option and a good choice for people who want to run a small business for two reasons:

  • Personal liability protection (personal assets are kept safe)
  • No double taxation

Unlike a Sole Proprietorship (and a Partnership), your Maine LLC’s assets are separate and distinct from your personal assets. In the event your LLC gets sued, your personal assets are protected.

And unlike a Corporation, your LLC is not subject to double taxation. Instead, your LLC’s profits will “pass-through” to your personal tax return and federal taxes are paid just once.

Step 2: Choose The Right Business Name

Choosing a business name is important, you want to make it easier for your customers to remember it, here are some tips:

  1. Avoid hard-to-spell names.
  2. Don’t pick a name that could be limiting as your business grows.
  3. Conduct a thorough Internet search.
  4. Search and purchase a domain name.
  5. Use a name that conveys some meaning.
  6. Conduct a trademark search.

Step 3: Register Your Business

Depending on the business structure you chose you will need to register your business.

Resale license  

https://salestaxstatepermit.com/maine/

Department of corporations 

https://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/corp/

SBA Office 

https://www.sba.gov/offices/district/me/augusta

Step 4: Obtain an EIN Tax Number

With limited exceptions, most businesses require an Employer Identification Number (EIN), also known as a Tax ID Number. An EIN is used to identify a business in its federal tax filings. Without an EIN, you can’t hire employees or open a business bank account.

Click Here to Apply for EIN number online

https://www.pika-energy.com/

https://www.davotechnologies.com/

https://www.rxante.com/

https://www.ourly.com/

Step 5: Open A Bank Account

– Open a business bank account:

  • Separates your personal assets from your company’s assets, which is necessary for personal asset protection.
  • Makes accounting and tax filing easier.

– Get a business credit card:

  • Helps you separate personal and business expenses.
  • Builds your company’s credit history, which can be useful to raise capital later on.

Step 6: Licenses & Permits

Now that you’ve registered your business name you need to obtain a business license for your company – this authorizes your company to do business in your city or county. Typically this also involves registering for state taxes and permits (the city may require them as part of the business licensing process).

Here are some links for Maine Businesses:

Selling products? Check Maine Resale Permit

Business Licensing for the State of Maine

Step 7: Branding & Marketing

Your brand is the image customers have of your business, so it’s important to determine who is your audience and what is the message that you want to project. That way, your company’s image will be what you intend it to be. It should be strategic and intentional.

Step 8: Establish a Web Presence

Creating an optimized website helps you to gain important visibility for the right terms. A website is a powerful sales tool and one that allows you to address your customers’ concerns, give them the information they need to make a decision and create compelling calls to action.

In addition to a website, you should also consider other avenues for promoting your business online:

Join Local Networks

Greenlight Maine 

https://greenlightmaine.com/resources/

Guide to Resources for Maine Entrepeneurs 

https://www.startupmaine.org/guide-to-resources-for-maine-entrepreneurs/