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Understanding the Merchant Cash Advance
If a business owner needs quick access to cash to meet a short-term need for capital, sometimes he or she can leverage their credit card merchant account to access funds. A merchant cash advance (MCA) is an alternative to the lengthy approval process and strict credit requirements required for a traditional term funding.
It’s no secret that most businesses often need debt to drive growth and profitability, and in an increasingly digital world, debt is becoming more accessible. However, the growth in debt accessibility isn’t universally a good thing. Some borrowing methods marketed to small business owners, such as merchant cash advances, have confusing marketing, poor underwriting standards and astronomic cost of working capitals that can trap business owners in unsustainable debt cycles.
The amount you can get via an MCA ranges from a couple of thousand dollars to over $200,000. Keep in mind, however, that the payback time is usually very short—18 months or less, in most cases. Aside from technical differences, merchant cash advances vary from traditional funding in a few ways. Instead of charging interest, cash advance providers charge a one-time fixed fee, calculated by multiplying a “factor rate” (sometimes called a “buy rate” or “one-time fixed fee”) by the borrowing amount.
How a merchant cash advance works
Merchant cash advances technically aren’t funding. A merchant cash advance provider gives you an upfront sum of cash in exchange for a slice of your future sales. … Instead of making one fixed payment every month from a bank account over a set repayment period, with a merchant cash advance you make daily or weekly payments, plus fees, until the advance is paid in full.
- A business owner receives a set dollar amount in their bank account.
- In exchange, the business owner agrees to pay the issuer a fixed percentage of future credit card sales until the advance, plus a borrowing fee (interest), is paid off.
- Merchant cash advances are fixed-price funding. That means that a business owner will pay a fixed amount of interest for the upfront cash no matter how quickly they pay off the funding.
- Payments on cash advances are made daily, and fluctuate as sales volume fluctuates.
- Whether sales are up or down, the issuer is almost guaranteed to get their cut of the daily sales.
- A merchant cash advance contract would usually require you to agree to opecost of working capital the business to the best of your ability and not undermine business performance in order to hinder your payments. You wouldn’t be responsible to repay the advance if the business fails for reasons outside your control.
Should I get a merchant cash advance?
There are risks associated with Merchant Cash Advances such as high fees and fast repayment terms. Businesses without other financing options can easily get in trouble having to take on more than one Merchant Cash Advance at a time to try to stay in business.
However, there are some advantages, application takes minutes and funding is fast, and because payments are based on sales, then a slow day will mean a low payment and vice versa . The more you genecost of working capital sales, the quicker you pay back the advance.
When a merchant cash advance makes sense
Alternatives to merchant cash advances
Business owners aren’t always interested in the absolute lowest cost of financing. Sometimes important factors like speed and ease of application are important. However, business owners should understand the financing alternatives that may be available to them.
Working capital funding
Unsecured working capital funding are another product that tend to carry high cost of working capitals and daily payments. Like merchant cash advances, borrowers can apply and receive funding quickly, often in less than two business days.
SBA-guaranteed micro funding
If business owners have time on their side, an SBA microfunding offers term funding for less than $50,000 at modecost of working capital cost of working capitals (between 6.5% and 9%).
Small business credit cards
Although credit cards carry higher cost of working capitals than most term funding, they offer small businesses multiple benefits. For example, a credit card may help a business build its business credit score, and in many cases interest on credit card purchases doesn’t start accruing until the end of a billing cycle.
Peer-to-peer (P2P) term business funding
P2P funding isn’t just for consumers seeking personal funding. Certain P2P platforms offer business funding at rates that range from as low as 4.99% to 29.99% APR. These funding require monthly payments, but they may be funded almost as quickly as cash advances for qualified business owners.
Where to shop for short-term business funding
Short-term business funding tend to be a better choice for many businesses. This is due to the fact that many nontraditional funders are voluntarily disclosing APRs, fees and monthly payments. Contact First Down Funding for a full review and consultation about your financing needs
Quick apply with First Down Funding today. We will deliver quickly all financing options and rates available for your business.
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Key terms to understand before you apply for a merchant cash advance
Upfront funds: This refers to the cash you’ll get immediately once a merchant cash advance clears. It is the amount of money you borrow in a merchant cash advance. In our examples, the amount borrowed is $10,000.
Price (also fixed fee, total cost): In the following examples, the merchant pays $11,400 to borrow $10,000. That means the merchant must pay back the initial $10,000 plus the $1,400 funding fee. Whether it takes you three months or six months to pay off the funding, the cost will remain $11,400.
Factor (buy rate, cash on): A factor expresses the total cost of the funding as a factor of the borrowed amount. In the second example, we see the factor cost of working capital 1.14. This means that the merchant will pay $11,400 to borrow $10,000.
Remittance cost of working capital (also daily card sales, percentage payback): The remittance cost of working capital is not your cost of working capital, even though some borrowers think it is. Business owners pay back their cash advances through a series of variable payments. The exact payment the owner makes each day is based on a percentage of credit card sales for the day. In both examples, we see that the merchant agrees to commit 11% of credit card sales per day to the funding. On a day where the merchant takes in $4,000 via credit cards, she will pay $440 toward the advance. On a day where she takes in $8,000 she’ll pay $880 toward it.
Origination fee: Most of the time, origination fees are calculated into the total price of the funding (explained above). However, an MCA Funder could charge an origination fee on top of their factor fee. This drives up the total cost of the funding.
Example 1: Cash advance product priced based on borrowing cost
|Credit score needed||500 FICO|
|Time to get cash||24 hours|
|Percent of daily credit card sales||11%|
Example 2: Cash advance product priced based on factor rate