The city’s establishment and early prosperity, which began with the arrival of traders from the Plymouth colony of Massachusetts in 1628, can be attributed to its location on navigable tidewater 39 miles (63 km) from the Atlantic Ocean. A trading post was established on a site the Canibas Indians called Koussinoc. The first permanent structure, Fort Western, was built there in 1754 for protection against Indian attacks. (In 1922 the wooden fort was restored as a historic monument and museum.) In 1797 the settlement was incorporated as the town of Harrington; the present name (for Pamela Augusta, daughter of the Revolutionary War general Henry Dearborn) was adopted later that year.
Augusta has long been a center of commerce and industry. From its earliest days as a 17th century trading post to its role today as a hub of government, professional services, wholesale distributors, and technology-based companies, Augusta has always been connected to the things that drive Maine’s – and the world’s – economy.
Yet Augusta is more than just a place to do business. It’s a place to call home. Charming neighborhoods. A revitalized downtown. Community schools. Comprehensive municipal services. The best in health care. Four seasons recreation. A rich history, and a promising future.
The biggest employers in Augusta include the Central Maine Power Company, Maine General Medical Center, grocery store chain Shop ‘n Save and O’Connor GMC Buick.
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